In the Rwandan referendum of the 18th of December, citizens decided what is best for them: they want President Kagame to stay, saying it loud and clear.
How the Rwandan genocide started in 1994
25 years have passed since the Rwandan genocide. We remember it through a series of photographs of one of the darkest moments in the 20th century.
On 6 April 1994, then Rwanda’s and Burundi’s presidents, Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira, both from the Hutu ethnic group, died in a mysterious accident. The airplane they were flying on was shot down on its descent into Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, leaving no survivors. The people responsible have never been found, but the most reasonable assumption blamed the Hutu extremists, which were unsatisfied with the peace agreement that had to halt the violence and hatred and let thousands of Tutsis back to Rwanda.
1 million people were killed in the Rwandan genocide
What happened was used as an excuse to blame the Tutsi rebels of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) led by Paul Kagame and to begin the extermination. On the following day, 7 April 1994, the Rwandan genocide, the most violent and bloody event of the 20th century after Second World War, started. 800,000 to 1,071,000 people (mostly from the Tutsi ethnic group) were killed in 100 days, using machetes, canes and fire arms.
The slaughter ended in mid-July 1994 with the victory of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) led by Paul Kagame, the current president, on the government forces.
The slow progress of justice
After twenty years, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is still looking to convict the accountable, even though it is a delicate and complicated process. In fact, it is not easy to find the executioners as every single person from the Hutu ethnic group had to take part in the slaughter. If they refused to do it, they would have been killed. For this reason, it is estimated that the people involved in the genocide are more than half a million, including instigators and executioners.
Jean Paul Akayesu, Mayor of Taba at the time of the genocide, was sentenced to life imprisonment for the killings of 2,000 Tutsis seeking refuge in the Town Hall. The same happened to Jean Kambanda, director of the Union of Rwandan popular banks and interim President after the death of Habyarimana, who was accused of taking part directly in the genocide and of not taking action to stop it.
After 15 years the lion returns to Akagera National Park. Local villagers seize the opportunity to continue in conservation efforts and improve living standards. #TheAfricaTheMediaNeverShowsYou.
In this interview Jacques Nkinzingabo, known as Yakubu, tells us how he uses photography to show the beauty, opportunities and challenges of today’s Rwanda.
Will Tokyo 2020 be the revival Games? Much uncertainty remains but preparations haven’t stopped as Japan remains committed to hosting the Olympics.
Homecast is a podcast series recorded in quarantine in which creatives from around the world share their lived experiences of these unique circumstances. Creator Giacomo De Poli tells us why this collective diary was needed now more than ever.
As London and the rest of the UK are in lockdown opportunities for long-lasting change have emerged out of of the crisis: solutions relating to the environment, work and healthcare that can be applied elsewhere too.
A historic win for the Ashaninka of Brazil as they receive compensation for deforestation on their land
On top of a 2.4 million dollar compensation, the indigenous Ashaninka people will receive an official apology from the companies who deforested their lands in the 1980s.
From Italy to the United States, workers in the logistics and delivery sectors are protesting to demand better sanitary conditions to protect themselves from Covid-19.
Grazie ad un progetto della Ong African Parks sette leoni sono stati reintrodotti nel Parco nazionale dell’Akagera, in Ruanda.