Venezuelan refugees are vulnerable to the worsening outbreak in South America: while coronavirus doesn’t discriminate, it does affect some people more than others.
Where the refugees go, despite themselves
There are four nations that have seen asylum claims increase in recent years. But, sometimes, the destination country is worse than the refugees’ own one.
Germany, United States, Turkey and Italy. These are the countries that every year reiceive the greatest amount of asylum applications from migrants who leave their country in search for a better place where to rebuild their lives. But there are four destinations pointed out by Quartz that are experiencing an uncommon increase in the number of refugees but their governments are unprepared or politically not inclined to house them. Countries from which migrants wouold better keep away.
The first country is Cambodia. In the ‘70s, hundreds of thousands of people fleed to escape violence and the repression of the Khmer Rouge’s dictatorship. Today, millions of people could reach in this country of Indochine after being banished from Australia. These two countries, in fact, would have made an agreement to “move” 2,500 people who escaped from the Pacific Islands becuase of poverty and sea level rise.
Australia is the country who saw the highest increase in asylum claims (54 percent) in 2013, achieving about 24,300 according to the data of the UN High Commissioner for refugees (UNHCR).
Cambodia, however, is one of the poorest countries in South East Asia. In the UN Index of Human Development, a ranking that measures the standard of life of the inhabitants of 186 countries, it holds position number 138. This means that many migrants risk to find the same or even a worse situation than that from which they are escaping.
Hungary has always been a crossing point because of its central position in the European continent, but in 2013 more than ever it received such a high number of asylum claims (18,600, according to the UN), so that it ranked among the top ten countries worldwide, following Switzerland. This increase is mostly due to the Syrian civil war. The government of Budapest, however, is not so inclined to house refugees and the European Court of Human Rights asked to improve internal regulations since migrants are often detained and not informed of their rights. Moreover, requests for release are not admitted: in one year only three of eight thousands were approved.
The Balkan country expelled from its borders millions of Albanians, in the late ‘90s. But in the new millennium there was a turnaround and now thousands of people go to Serbia from Africa and the Middle East. In 2008, the asylum claims were 58; in 2013, again according to the UN, so much as 5,100. Like in Hungary, asylum claimants are not received but detained in some centres that are filled with people too quickly and can’t host all the refugees, who are then obliged to sleep outside within a tent. But, when migrants are moved to Macedonia or Greece, they are often sent back to their home country.
This small island in the Mediterranean Sea has the highest rate of asylum requests worldwide if considering the number of inhabitants. 20.2 of a thousand. The US and Germany have, respectively, a rate of 1 and 3.5 every thousand inhabitants. Even if the government of La Valletta has, thanks to its experience, one of the most efficient reception system in Europe, only 4 percent of dozen of thousand asylum claimants has become refugees in 2011. The remaining people have spent for the most part up to 18 months in jail.
In the map, the countries with an increased number of asylum applications in 2013 are brown (light brown from 50 to 100 percent, dark brown more than 100 percent). In green, the nations with decreased asylum claims.
In the midst of India’s coronavirus lockdown, two dozen people lost their lives in a desperate bid to return home: migrant labourers forced to leave the cities where they worked once starvation began knocking at their doors.
Behrouz Boochani returned to being a free man during the course of this interview. The Kurdish writer was imprisoned by the Australian government in Papua New Guinea for six years.
What holds true whether we’re discussing migration or the environment? That “we’re suspicious of anything that shows empathy, goodness or righteousness,” says author and journalist Roberto Saviano. We interviewed him for the launch of his book There are no taxis in the sea.
The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was signed by 164 nations in Marrakech. This is what the non-binding agreement that encourages international cooperation stipulates.
The winners of the World Press Photo 2019 tell the stories of migrants in the Americas. From the iconic image of a girl crying on the border between Mexico and the United States to the thousands of people walking from Honduras towards a better life.
The Semìno project is a journey of discovery through different countries’ food habits, offering migrants employment opportunities and allowing us to enjoy the properties of vegetables from all over the world.
Travelling across the new route used by migrants to cross the Balkans and reach Trieste in Italy, a reportage that documents the social, economic and political changes of the countries along the way.
World Refugee Day. In fleeing violence and hunger they’re facing the biggest humanitarian crisis of our time
The countries hosting the most refugees aren’t the wealthy, Western ones. An overview by NGO Action Against Hunger reminds us that refugees and internally displaced people are far from being safe.