Organic farming

Organic farming is an agricultural system that seeks to provide fresh, tasty and authentic food whilst respecting natural life-cycle systems.

Organic farming works in harmony with nature rather than against it. The agricultural ecosystem is considered a balanced model for cultivated plants’ development.

Typical organic farming practices include: safeguarding beneficial insects for pest control; the use of resistant crops; mulching, i.e. covering the ground with a layer of loose material for weed management; green manure (cover crops), i.e. growing plants (clover, vetch, watercress, valerian, spinach, rapeseed, etc.) that are turned into the soil as fertilizers and to avoid soil erosion; crop rotation, that is the practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area in sequential season to increase soil fertility; the use of manure and organic fertilizers, such as compost, leaves, fruit skins, and other on-site natural resources.

The organic farm is generally a closed-loop system: livestock generates manure for soil fertilization and the soil will give back food to people and animals.


The organic farm relies on the relationship with the surrounding habitat, entailing the presence of uncultivated areas, such as hedges and thickets, to allow insects, birds and animals to survive whilst assuring pest management.

Ultimately, organic farming can effectively combine productivity and environment protection, together with the production of tasty products that are free of toxic residues and are rich in nutrients.


Organic regulations

Organic farming and production has been regulated at EU level since 1991. The EU rules require each Member State to have a Competent Authority that is responsible for ensuring the rules on organic production are applied correctly. Organic farmers, processors and traders, must comply with strict EU requirements if they want to use the EU organic logo or label their products as organic. That’s why certification bodies are in charge of controlling the entire process, from seeds to final products.

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