Bangladesh suffered widespread damage as a result of Cyclone Amphan. Yet the Sundarbans mangrove forest acted as a natural barrier protecting the country from further destruction, as it has done countless times before.
Satellites have cut deforestation in Brazil
Satellites and aerial monitoring have cut deforestation in Brazil. The Amazon can now breathe a sigh of relief, but loggers haven’t give up.
Brazil has taken and is still taking big steps to contain illegal logging and save the Amazon, one of the Earth’s most important natural areas. Deforestation rates dropped by nearly 80% over 8 years, passing from an average of 27,000 square kilometres in 2004 to 5,000 in 2012. A significant result achieved thanks to laws strengthening, enforcement and monitoring. More precisely, the satellite accomplishment seemed to be the most effective, since it forced loggers to become “invisible” or to find other ways to carry out their crimes.
This is the reason why, in parallel, small scale deforestation of patches smaller than 25 hectares (i.e. 15-20 soccer fields) has increased involving 25 to 50% of these areas. Such data emerge from a research carried out by the Climate Policy Initiative and the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
“It is clear that Brazil’s efforts to curb deforestation are working,” said Juliano Assunção, the study’s author and a professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. “Our study shows, though, that there are still challenges. We need to step up forest protection strategies on smaller tracts of land.”
Researchers have focused their activities in the states of Mato Grosso and Para. Variations registered have encouraged concluding that deforestation is not a homogeneous problem and cannot be faced univocally. However, positive figures emerged. Brazil has cut CO2 emissions by 41% between 2005 and 2012, especially thanks to a decrease in deforestation rates, and President Dilma Rousseff promised 120,000 square kilometres in reforestation. Ultimate goal: zero deforestation within 2025.
A historic win for the Ashaninka of Brazil as they receive compensation for deforestation on their land
On top of a 2.4 million dollar compensation, the indigenous Ashaninka people will receive an official apology from the companies who deforested their lands in the 1980s.
The tapir was reintroduced into Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, the country’s most at-risk ecosystem. The species can play a key role in the forest’s recovery.
Forests are home to 80 per cent of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity. This year’s International Day of Forests highlights the urgent changes needed to save them.
After a legal battle that lasted two years, Indonesia’s Supreme Court has revoked the permit to mine for coal in the forests of South Kalimantan in Borneo.
The list of human and animal victims of the Australia wildfires keeps growing – one species might already have gone extinct – as the smoke even reaches South America.
Areas where the FARC guerrilla used to hold power in Colombia have faced record deforestation. Farmers cut down trees, burn land and plant grass for cows. Because, “what else can we do for a living here in the Colombian Amazon”? An intimate report from the heart of the felled forest in Caquetá.
The 2019 edition of International Mountain Day is “Mountains matter for youth”, highlighting the need to bring young people back to highland areas to take care of their cultural and natural resources.
22 million trees and 50,000 more energy efficient homes a year, as well as one million electric cars by 2030. This is Ireland’s Climate Action Plan, which institutes bold targets for the next two decades.