The Louise Michel is the humanitarian rescue ship saving lives in the Mediterranean. Financed by the artist Banksy, it has found a safe port in Sicily.
Don’t call them migrants, call them refugees
The refugee crisis triggered a semantic debate all over Europe, useful to understand who is approaching the continent.
The choice of using specific terms when referring to people approaching Europe’s eastern borders, mainly from Syria, can significantly change the meaning of a sentence. Therefore, while the migration crisis continues, such semantic issue involves politicians, journalists, associations, and citizens all over the Old Continent.
In Germany, for instance, there are two words that are widely used: “flüchtlinge” (refugees) and “asylbewerber” (asylum seekers), which replaced “einwanderer” (“immigrant”) and “gastarbeiter” (literally, “invited worker”). In this case, dictionaries followed the course of history: “gastarbeiter” was in fact used to indicate people coming from Turkey right after the Second World War, but the lexical problem arose when they permanently settled in Germany, leading to the negative term “migrationshintergrund”, which refers to first- and second-generation immigrants.
In Italy, the term “migrante” (migrant) is often used, and replaced the more negative “extracomunitario” (illegal alien) and “clandestino” (undocumented immigrant). However, the multifaceted peculiarity of the Italian language led to use different words: “profughi”, which refers to people leaving their countries to flee conflicts or persecution, without having any political status yet. In some cases they have the right to demand political asylum (e.g. people fleeing from dictatorship), becoming “richiedenti asilo” (asylum seekers). At a later stage, when their demand is accepted, they become “rifugiati” (refugees).
In the UK, the word “migrant” is considered to be the most neutral. It is defined as “someone who moves from one place to another in order to live in another country”. However, over the last few years, it took a negative meaning. In fact, it has been disapproved by the broadcasting station Al-Jazeera, which announced it will no longer use it, replacing it with the term “refugee”. An example followed by the popular British journalist Lindsey Hilsum, Channel 4.
Generally, there are also the “economic migrants”: people who emigrate from one region to another to seek an improvement in living standards because the living conditions or job opportunities in the migrant’s own region do not satisfy expectations.
Quest'opera è distribuita con Licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 4.0 Internazionale.
Venezuelan refugees are vulnerable to the worsening outbreak in South America: while coronavirus doesn’t discriminate, it does affect some people more than others.
In the midst of India’s coronavirus lockdown, two dozen people lost their lives in a desperate bid to return home: migrant labourers forced to leave the cities where they worked once starvation began knocking at their doors.
Behrouz Boochani returned to being a free man during the course of this interview. The Kurdish writer was imprisoned by the Australian government in Papua New Guinea for six years.
The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was signed by 164 nations in Marrakech. This is what the non-binding agreement that encourages international cooperation stipulates.
The winners of the World Press Photo 2019 tell the stories of migrants in the Americas. From the iconic image of a girl crying on the border between Mexico and the United States to the thousands of people walking from Honduras towards a better life.
The Semìno project is a journey of discovery through different countries’ food habits, offering migrants employment opportunities and allowing us to enjoy the properties of vegetables from all over the world.
Travelling across the new route used by migrants to cross the Balkans and reach Trieste in Italy, a reportage that documents the social, economic and political changes of the countries along the way.
World Refugee Day. In fleeing violence and hunger they’re facing the biggest humanitarian crisis of our time
The countries hosting the most refugees aren’t the wealthy, Western ones. An overview by NGO Action Against Hunger reminds us that refugees and internally displaced people are far from being safe.