The cargo ship that ran aground off the coast of Mauritius on 25 July, causing incalculable damage, has split in two and its captain has been arrested.
Obama protects the oceans. The US to create 2 new marine sanctuaries
Il presidente degli Stati Uniti ha annunciato la creazione di due nuove aree protette, in Maryland e in Wisconsin. Il Cile crea uno dei parchi marini più grandi al mondo intorno all’Isola di Pasqua.
Billions of years ago, life begun in the oceans covering the entire planet. Today, marine wildlife is undergoing a dramatic and relentless decline: it has halved over the past 45 years.
This is what a study carried out by WWF and the Zoological Society of London has revealed. According to the two conservation associations, the most effective measure to be implemented to stop ocean depopulation is the creation of protected areas.
Just a few weeks after the report publication, US President Barack Obama has announced the creation of two marine sanctuaries, in Maryland and Wisconsin. The notice arrived in occasion of the second edition of the international meeting Our Ocean, in Chile.
In the 2014 edition, Obama administration had already committed to safeguarding oceans, by announcing the protection of an area of over 1 million square kilometres in the Pacific Ocean, from the Hawaii to Samoa Islands, where commercial fishing and other extraction activities are banned.
The US President, who attended the meeting through a video message, underlined his particular bond to ocean, recalling his childhood in Hawaii and Indonesia.
“Our economies, our livelihoods and our food all depend on our oceans,” said Barack Obama, “and yet we know that our actions are changing them. Greenhouse gas emissions are making our seas warmer and more acidic. Marine pollution harms fish and wildlife, affecting the entire food chain. Illegal fishing depletes the world’s fisheries”.
Overfishing, together with pollution and climate change, is one of the main causes of ocean depopulation. In order to curb this phenomenon, the US administration has launched a global initiative, called “Sea Scout”, aimed to fight any unregulated activity.
Chile’s President Michelle Bachelet has also announced the creation of a new marine sanctuary, a protected area of 631,368 square kilometres near Rapa Nui, i.e. Easter Island.
The sanctuary, which will be one of the world’s largest, will allow the island to become one of the world’s leaders in ocean conservation, and will help protect almost 30 endangered species of fish, as well as local fishermen.
The largest coral reef in the world is severely threatened by climate change, but researchers are developing strategies that could contribute to saving the Great Barrier Reef.
Seychelles have extended its marine protected area, which now covers over 400,000 square kilometres, an area larger than Germany.
Norwegian oil giant Equinor had pulled out of drilling for oil in the Great Australian Bight, one of the country’s most uncontaminated areas. A victory for activists and surfers who are now campaigning for the area to be protected forever.
30 per cent of the planet needs to be protected to stop precipitous species decline. The UN has set out its aims for the the COP15 on biodiversity scheduled for Kunming, China in October.
Ocean warming has risen to record highs over the last five years: just in 2019 the heat released into the world’s oceans was equivalent to that of 5-6 atomic bombs per second. The culprit, no doubt, is climate change.
Refusing the anthropocentric vision and respecting the laws of ecology is the only way to safeguard the future of our and all other species, Sea Shepherd President Paul Watson argues in this op-ed.
Once a year on Christmas Island something incredible happens: millions of crabs cross the whole island to reach the ocean, where they drop their eggs.
Malaysian activist Gabby Tan’s mission is to raise awareness about the risks faced by our oceans, and the need to protect them. She spoke to us about her passions and what inspires her.