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Obama protects the oceans. The US to create 2 new marine sanctuaries

Il presidente degli Stati Uniti ha annunciato la creazione di due nuove aree protette, in Maryland e in Wisconsin. Il Cile crea uno dei parchi marini più grandi al mondo intorno all’Isola di Pasqua.

Billions of years ago, life begun in the oceans covering the entire planet. Today, marine wildlife is undergoing a dramatic and relentless decline: it has halved over the past 45 years.

 

Fish

 

This is what a study carried out by WWF and the Zoological Society of London has revealed. According to the two conservation associations, the most effective measure to be implemented to stop ocean depopulation is the creation of protected areas.

 

Just a few weeks after the report publication, US President Barack Obama has announced the creation of two marine sanctuaries, in Maryland and Wisconsin. The notice arrived in occasion of the second edition of the international meeting Our Ocean, in Chile.

 

U.S. President Barack Obama announces his nomination of Deputy Education Secretary John B. King Jr. to be the next head of the Education Department in the State Dining Room at the White House October 2, 2015 in Washington, DC. Obama praised the work of outgoing Education Secretary Arne Duncan, one of the few remaining members of the president's original cabinet.

 

In the 2014 edition, Obama administration had already committed to safeguarding oceans, by announcing the protection of an area of over 1 million square kilometres in the Pacific Ocean, from the Hawaii to Samoa Islands, where commercial fishing and other extraction activities are banned. 

 

The US President, who attended the meeting through a video message, underlined his particular bond to ocean, recalling his childhood in Hawaii and Indonesia.

 

Our economies, our livelihoods and our food all depend on our oceans,” said Barack Obama, “and yet we know that our actions are changing them. Greenhouse gas emissions are making our seas warmer and more acidic. Marine pollution harms fish and wildlife, affecting the entire food chain. Illegal fishing depletes the world’s fisheries”.

 

Overfishing, together with pollution and climate change, is one of the main causes of ocean depopulation. In order to curb this phenomenon, the US administration has launched a global initiative, called “Sea Scout”, aimed to fight any unregulated activity.

 

Chile’s President Michelle Bachelet has also announced the creation of a new marine sanctuary, a protected area of 631,368 square kilometres near Rapa Nui, i.e. Easter Island.

 

Isola di Pasqua

 

The sanctuary, which will be one of the world’s largest, will allow the island to become one of the world’s leaders in ocean conservation, and will help protect almost 30 endangered species of fish, as well as local fishermen.

Translated by

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