Costa Rica celebrated its first same-sex marriage when two women, Alexandra Quiros and Dunia Araya, celebrated their wedding: an “extraordinary moment”.
What is net neutrality and does it matter? Navigating a world-wide web of inequality
The FCC repealed a law protecting net neutrality against the interests of Internet Service Providers in the US, sparking a nation-wide debate, protests and petitions. Is net neutrality still in effect? What you need to know.
Net neutrality is at risk in the United States after the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) decided to repeal the law protecting internet as a common carrier, a term that refers to a service provided to the general public without discrimination, like electricity and water utilities. Now the internet will be considered an information provider, and so will be subject to market rules and the oversight of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), which acts to protect consumers and encourage competition.
What is net neutrality and who created it
The term net neutrality started being used in 2003 when Tim Wu, a professor at Columbia University in New York City referred to it to underline the importance of the fact that it had to exist. Net neutrality means that there are no discrimination against or in favour of a certain website, nor additional payments available to providers to access content, block or slow down others in place. These features have been key to the development of innovation, encouraging companies to compete on the same level and create new services.
The law on net neutrality
After a long debate that also saw Internet Service Provider (ISP) Comcast, the country’s largest, in a confrontation with Netflix for the charging of an extra fee to speed movie streaming, net neutrality was guaranteed by law in 2015 in the United States with the Internet Freedom Order, signed under the administration of Barack Obama. The order focused on three specific rules regulating internet service: no blocking, no throttling and no paid prioritisation. This meant that ISPs couldn’t discriminate against a particular content or ask higher fees to connect an end user to these.
The commission did allow internet providers to perform “reasonable network management,” which could affect service. However, there were also strict rules as to what fell under this definition. Reasonable management was something that had a primarily technical justification, not a business purpose.
Net neutrality debate
For many these provisions protecting internet equality have been the source of innovation, encouraging startups and new ideas because, at least theoretically, online a startup has just as much power as the biggest corporation like, for example, an association fighting for civil rights has the same possibilities as an online gun shop. On the other hand, those who voted for the repeal of the Internet Freedom Order last December insist that the current rules have impeded innovation and addressed non-existent concerns. They claim that now ISPs will be able to invest and innovate more on infrastructure. Ajit Pai was appointed by Trump to the FCC in January last year and is fiercely in favour of the new rule: he claims that with the repeal of the law transparency towards consumers will be clearer and monitoring of ISPs will improve under the FTC.
The benefits of net neutrality when in effect
If net neutrality is important for commercial reasons, it is all the more so from a social and political point of view. In June 2016, the United Nations adopted a resolution condemning those countries, like China or Turkey, preventing or disrupting access to any content on the internet to their citizens, in violation of human rights law. In the same year, the EU approved guidelines for the respect of net neutrality. At the moment, although net neutrality isn’t directly under threat in the European Union, the shift in the United States could change the scenario also in other countries where it is still protected by law, seeing as it is such as big player in the World Wide Web.
What could change: the repeal of net neutrality explained
US consumers in the near future will probably see more options in their service plans. ISPs will be able to offer some contents free of charge to people that need less band – maybe asking other consumers to pay for other services. They will be allowed to ask for higher fees for online services that wish to have higher speed contents. ISPs claim that in this way they’ll be able to expand free of charge services to people who don’t have them as of today, and they’ll be able to invest more in infrastructure. Legally the situation has returned to how it was before 2015 and many are organising protests and petitions against this.
A historic win for the Ashaninka of Brazil as they receive compensation for deforestation on their land
On top of a 2.4 million dollar compensation, the indigenous Ashaninka people will receive an official apology from the companies who deforested their lands in the 1980s.
From Italy to the United States, workers in the logistics and delivery sectors are protesting to demand better sanitary conditions to protect themselves from Covid-19.
The pandemic and its restrictions are affecting everyone, without exceptions. However factors like housing, income inequalities, gender, access to technology and working conditions are influencing how people experience the health crisis.
In the midst of India’s coronavirus lockdown, two dozen people lost their lives in a desperate bid to return home: migrant labourers forced to leave the cities where they worked once starvation began knocking at their doors.
Apple, Dell, Microsoft and Tesla are among the tech companies named in a lawsuit brought in the US by the families of children killed and maimed in cobalt mining activities in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
We, the people is Survival’s 2020 calendar, which features the winners of the photography contest showcasing images of the world’s indigenous peoples.
Un violador en tu camino – the rapist is you – is an anthem protesting the impunity of gender-based violence. It began in Chile and has become a global flash mob, bringing people to the streets and resonating all over the world.
As Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed collects the Nobel Peace Prize, abuses in the Lower Omo Valley must be addressed
Abiy Ahmed was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for reaching peace with Eritrea. Yet, Indigenous groups in Ethiopia’s Lower Omo Valley have been abused by security forces, a fact that the prime minister must address, says the Oakland Institute.