The 26th edition of the United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP26, will be held in Glasgow, Scotland in November 2020. The pre-COP will take place in Milan, Italy.
COP21, 146 countries commit to reducing CO2 emissions
Secondo le Nazioni Unite, mai nella storia si era verificata una mobilitazione simile da parte dei governi: un buon segnale in vista della Cop 21.
“It is an unprecedented result”. The excitement of the organisers of the COP21 has increased over the past few days, due to the fact that tens of INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions), i.e. the pledge to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, have been officially submitted by the world’s governments to the UN. In just a few weeks the number of UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) member countries passed from about sixty to 146. This means that about 75% of the countries – representing 87% of the global emissions – have submitted their environmental policies to the UN.
In particular, as underlined by Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, over than 80% of the plans submitted include quantifiable objectives, not only general information: “Over the past few months, the number of countries submitting their climate action plans to the Paris agreement has grown from a steady stream into a sweeping flood. This unprecedented breadth and depth of response reflects the increasing recognition that there is an unparalleled opportunity to achieve resilient, low-emission, sustainable development at national level.”
However, according to some scientific studies, the policies announced so far won’t be enough to limit the effects of global warming to less than 2°C by the end of the century (COP21 official goal). The United Nations will provide a synthesis report of all these plans (the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions – INDCs), on November 1. This would allow carrying out a global assessment of the efforts carried out to combat climate change. This report will be one of the documents at the basis of governments’ debate in Paris.
Among these documents, there will be the draft that has been drawn up by an ad hoc working group led by the Algerian Ahmed Djoghlaf and the American Dan Reifsnyder, published on 5 October. It is a document that only provides guide lines, avoiding entering into the merits of numerous issues. Nevertheless, it specifies that the countries will have to adapt – every 5 years – their policies to the goals predetermined at COP21. Moreover, there’s the hypothesis of launching the plans before the date established by the previous climate change conferences, i.e. 2020. The premises for an agreement are in place. Now, it’s up to governments.
Thanks to activists, the voice of the world’s peoples resounded through the COP25 like an alarm bell. Governments didn’t reach the results they demanded, but their cries and messages were stronger than ever, reaching even those who weren’t in Madrid.
Climate change poses a risk for millions. However, women are the most vulnerable to its negative consequences: a few simple considerations by the Italian Climate Network help us perceive the global implications of this.
The COP25 ended two days late and with very few steps ahead made. Climate negotiations in 2020 will be an uphill battle as political will clearly seems to be lacking, once again.
The last ten years have been the most “exceptional” and hottest decade ever, with extreme weather hitting people and ecosystems harder and more frequently. 2019 is also on course to becoming the second or third hottest year since records began.
Unite Behind the Science: this was the title of the conference held at the COP25 on 10 December. Greta Thunberg’s presence filled the arena, but this time it was scientists’ turn to speak.
25,000 delegates meet for the COP25 from 2 to 13 December. What can we hope this UN climate change conference, whose venue was changed from Santiago de Chile to Madrid, will achieve?
100 eminent people from all over the world, including Vandana Shiva, Naomi Klein and Noam Chomsky, have signed an open letter after the disappointing results of the COP24. A call-to-arms for climate against world leaders’ indifference.
The outcome of the COP24 in Katowice left many unsatisfied. Greta Thunberg, a young Swedish environmental activist, gave a harsh, heartfelt speech addressing world leaders.