Not much snow, peaks of 19 degrees Celsius in Norway and even 28 degrees in France: official data confirms the anomalously high temperatures of this past winter.
The North Pole registered the highest temperatures in 115 years
Un rapporto dell’agenzia americana Noaa lancia un nuovo allarme: “Registriamo caldo record, ghiacci in ritirata e coltre nevosa sempre più sottile”.
Air temperature keeps on rising in the Arctic region, setting a new record in 2015. The 2015 Arctic Report Card, of the US agency NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), confirms it. “Such high levels have never been reached in the Polar Circle since temperature is regularly recorded, i.e. 115 years”.
Record temperatures: +3 degrees compared to 1900
Average temperatures between October 2014 and September 2015 have increased by 3°C in the Arctic since 1900.
At the United Nations Climate Conference (COP21), governments debated on the limit of the average global temperature rise. They eventually decided to maintain it “well below 2°C”, committing to getting closer to 1.5 degrees. Exceeding such temperatures would mean condemning the planet to a catastrophe. These figures and statements make the Arctic situation ever more alarming, since the thresholds have already been exceeded there.
The lowest ice cap extent since 1979
NOAA adds that, over the past winter, ice cap has reached its maximum extent on 25 February, two weeks earlier than normal. It has also been the lowest extent registered since 1979.
— Agence France-Presse (@afpfr) 16 Dicembre 2015
There’s more. Snow cover has dramatically decreased: 18% each decade (from 1980’s to date). “The Arctic is warming twice as fast as other parts of the planet, which has ramifications for global security, climate, commerce, and trade, said NOAA Chief Scientist Dr. Richard Spinrad. “ The decline in sea ice is dramatically changing the habitat for walruses — large marine mammals that traditionally use sea ice for mating, giving birth to young, finding food and shelter from storms and predators”.
A spotlight on Licypriya Kangujam, the eight-year-old Indian climate change activist raising her voice against climate change inaction and whose tireless campaigning has even led two Indian states to adopt climate change as a school subject.
Ocean warming has risen to record highs over the last five years: just in 2019 the heat released into the world’s oceans was equivalent to that of 5-6 atomic bombs per second. The culprit, no doubt, is climate change.
What did Greta Thunberg tell participants at the 2020 World Economic Forum in Davos? Once again, the Swedish activist underlined the total lack of concrete solutions to the climate crisis presented by leaders so far.
The list of human and animal victims of the Australia wildfires keeps growing – one species might already have gone extinct – as the smoke even reaches South America.
Kivalina is located on a small island once guarded by sea ice, which is now melting due to global warming. While the sea threatens to wipe the village off the face of the Earth, its inhabitants refuse to give up their lives and traditions.
Thanks to activists, the voice of the world’s peoples resounded through the COP25 like an alarm bell. Governments didn’t reach the results they demanded, but their cries and messages were stronger than ever, reaching even those who weren’t in Madrid.
Climate change poses a risk for millions. However, women are the most vulnerable to its negative consequences: a few simple considerations by the Italian Climate Network help us perceive the global implications of this.
The COP25 ended two days late and with very few steps ahead made. Climate negotiations in 2020 will be an uphill battle as political will clearly seems to be lacking, once again.