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Architecture & Cities

31 October is World Cities Day

La giornata è stata istituita per sensibilizzare la comunità internazionale sul tema dell’urbanizzazione e contribuire allo sviluppo urbano sostenibile in tutto il mondo.

Rural and piedmont areas are gradually emptying: more than the half of the world population is currently living in cities, and this percentage is likely to increase up to two third. Over 6 billion people will live in urban areas by 2045, according to the latest United Nations World Urbanization Prospects.

 

Takeshita Dori, Harajuku, Japan
Harajuku, a district ofTokyo, Japan

 

We could long debate on the negative effects the relentless expansion of urban areas brings about, the negative influence megalopolises have on people, and the need of recovering and enhancing rural areas. However, this trend is already a fact, and urbanisation has undeniable advantages, as long as realised according to specific criteria.

 

Urbanisation maximises the capacities of cities to create jobs and wealth, and promotes diversity and social cohesion among cultures, ethnical groups and religions.

 

multiculturalismo
Urbanisation enhances diversity and social cohesion

 

31 October is World Cities Day, established by the United Nations in 2013. The aim of the celebration is to focus on the challenges of urbanisation and contribute to a sustainable urban development all over the world.

 

“The key role of urban design in building sustainable, socially integrated and prosperous urban environments. It can help tackle climate change. It reduces the impacts of disaster. It can help make our cities safer, cleaner, and more equal and integrative,” said the UN Secreatry-General Ban Ki-moon.

 

The 2015 theme is “Designed to live together”. It means that the key point is to favour inclusion and equality through an effective urban design.

 

Milano vista dal cielo
Aerial view of Milan © Emilio De Marchi

 

The realisation of residential areas with dwellings at different prices would allow residents from different countries and with different incomes to live together, eliminating social barriers. A city should also guarantee to all citizens equal access to services, work places, opportunities, and natural resources. For instance, “private greenery” is too often more common than public green areas.

 

The first edition of the World Cities Day has been celebrated in Shanghai, China, in 2014, whilst the 2015 edition will be celebrated in Milan. The main event will be held at the Royal Palace of Milan, with a round table and a debate on urban development.

 

Moreover, the date of the celebration coincides with the end of Expo Milano 2015 and will be the last of the 3 days dedicated by the United Nations to honours the Milanese world’s fair.

 

agricoltura urbana
An example of urban agriculture

 

Our ancestors used to live on trees. Then, they moved to caves, until they settled down and started creating small human settlements. Nowadays, our habitat is the city. However, there are many solutions to make it more liveable: urban agriculture, smart cities development and, most of all, nature integration in city planning, in order to create more resilient, liveable, and happy cities.

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