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Two years of war in Yemen. People are starving because of the embargo, NGOs say
A due anni dall’inizio del conflitto, le ong accusano l’embargo imposto dall’Onu nell’aprile del 2015: “Si è trasformato in un blocco sul cibo”.
At least 7,700 people have died – 1,546 of which were children – and three million have been made refugees. The figures related to the war in Yemen, which is too often forgot by international media, point to a humanitarian crisis. A crisis that begun two years ago, when the conflict broke out on 26 March 2015.
19 million people are in need of assistance in Yemen
“At least 19 million people need humanitarian and protection aids in the country,” Action Contre la Faim Director Véronique Andrieux told French newspaper Le Monde. “In Hodheida, one out of three children is malnourished. Appearances aside, what starves people are political decisions”.
Indeed, the activist blames the arms embargo on Shiite Houtis and their allies imposed by the United Nations in April 2015. “In 2014 Yemen imported 90 per cent of its foodstuffs by sea. The arms embargo soon became a nearly total aerial and maritime blockade, which enormously limited the imports of basic necessities including food”. She then directly accused the countries supporting the military coalition of Saudi Arabia (United States, France and United Kingdom): “They must stop evading their responsibilities. If the harbour of Hodheida is blocked too, the yet spread humanitarian crisis will be worsened. Last January the price of wheat increased by 32 per cent compared to before the beginning of the conflict”.
USA and the UK provided 5 billion dollars in weapons
Several NGOs point out that since the outbreak of the conflict the United States and the United Kingdom have given Saudi Arabia weapons for a total of more than 5 billion dollars. “It is ten times the aids provided to Yemen by the two countries – which amounted to 450 million dollars. Weapons were used to make violations of human rights and spurred the humanitarian crisis,” stated Amnesty International. The association called on the international community to open “a convincing international investigation into the crimes perpetrated by all parties involved in the conflict” and to make “immediate decisions to halt the flow of weapons in the area”.
3.5 million children out of school
The ongoing conflict in Yemen makes it impossible to carrying on with a normal life. Among the consequences of the conflict is the impossibility for children to continue studies. According to the United Nations, school dropout has doubled due to the war. “As a result, an entire generation of children risks losing out on their future,” said Shabia Mantoo, Yemen spokesman for the UN refugee agency. In fact, 1,640 schools (10 per cent of the country’s facilities) have been destroyed, made unusable or given to the military to be turned into barracks. According to UNICEF, 212 strikes have targeted schools, causing the death of tens of schoolchildren.
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