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Ten (developing) countries host more than half the world’s refugees

I governi dei paesi ricchi sono totalmente assenti di fronte al dramma dei rifugiati. I più generosi sono quelli in via di sviluppo. La denuncia di Amnesty International.

More than half the world’s refugees are hosted by 10 countries, which account for just 2.5 per cent of the world economy. A report released by Amnesty International denounces the shirking of wealthy countries, whose lack of responsibility and political will makes the world’s poorest countries bear the brunt of humanitarian crises.

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Refugees off the coast of Libya ©ARIS MESSINIS/AFP/Getty Images

Jordan alone hosts 2.7 million refugees

These countries, in fact, shelter 56 per cent of the people forced to leave their home all over the world. First of all, Jordan, which had to face unprecedented migration flows from war-torn Syria, taking in 2.7 million people. The other top refugee hosting countries are Turkey, with 2.5 million refugees, followed by Pakistan, with 1.6 million people mainly from Afghanistan, and Lebanon, with 1.5 million refugees.

Other nations, which are some of the world’s poorest, have also borne the cost: Ethiopia (730,000), Kenya (554,000), Uganda (477,000), Democratic Republic of the Congo (383,000), and Chad (369,000).  “A small number of countries have been left to do far too much just because they are neighbours to a crisis,” said Salil Shetty, Amnesty’s secretary-general. “That situation is inherently unsustainable, exposing the millions fleeing war and persecution in countries like Syria, South Sudan, Afghanistan and Iraq to intolerable misery and suffering.”

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A Kurdish migrant in a refugee camp ©PHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty Images

The UK has taken in less than 8,000 Syrians over 5 years

Amnesty International has compared developing countries’ efforts to the world’s wealthiest nations’. It has underlined how, for instance, the United Kingdom has agreed to take in less than 8,000 Syrians since 2011. The NGO has urged the world leaders to “take a fair share of responsibility for hosting refugees, based on the use of reasonable criteria such as national wealth, population size and unemployment rate”.

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