Biological diversity, or biodiversity, generally refers to the characteristics of all living beings: it is the genetic heritage of the Earth. Genetic resources are the biological basis for agriculture and animal farming and, consequently, for human beings' livelihood. Sadly, this diversity of life is ever more threatened. Populations of flora and fauna, from wildlife to crop varieties, are increasingly endangered due to intensive farming, which follows the tenets of productivity and production regularity, as well as the impacts of industrialised society such as the encroachment of human settlements and natural resource exploitation. In addition, climate change poses further threats to this natural richness. To be kept up to date on what threatens natural species and biodiversity and what is being done to conserve and safeguard them, read all the latest news on LifeGate.