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10 December is Human Rights Day

La giornata dell’Onu rimarca l’importanza della Dichiarazione universale dei diritti umani celebrando e promuovendo tali diritti.

It doesn’t matter if you are a man, a woman or a kid, if you speak Chinese or German, or if your skin is black or white, you have inalienable rights and you are “born free and equal in dignity and rights”. At least in theory, because these rights are trampled every day all over the world. For example, many countries in conflict deprive their population of the most basic rights. This can also happen in other countries at peace, when certain population groups face injustice. Or just like migrants.

Child labour in Bangladesh
Slavery still exists nowadays, and it also involves children © Spencer Platt/Getty Images

The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948 in Paris. 10 December is thus the day the UN chose to celebrate the Human Rights Day, established in 1950.

What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is made of 30 articles ratifying rights divided in civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights, ranging from the right to fair trial, right to citizenship, to the right of free movement.

The celebration aims to spread the message of equality contained in the Universal Declaration, celebrating its rights and educating governments and people to respect them. Yet, this objective still seems far away due to international instability and how migrants are treated by many countries. This makes us think that human rights have turned into something abstract, and not the foundations on which to build our society.

Bambini siriani in un campo profughi in Giordania
Syrian refugee children in the refugee camp of Za’atari, Jordan © Jeff J. Mitchell/Getty Images

All human beings, and more precisely all living creatures, only want to be free and happy, ensuring the lineage of the species.

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