Denis Mukwege, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2018, is known as the “doctor who mends women” because in his hospital in Africa he healed thousands of rape victims, in their body and soul. We interviewed him in Milan.
10 December is Human Rights Day
La giornata dell’Onu rimarca l’importanza della Dichiarazione universale dei diritti umani celebrando e promuovendo tali diritti.
It doesn’t matter if you are a man, a woman or a kid, if you speak Chinese or German, or if your skin is black or white, you have inalienable rights and you are “born free and equal in dignity and rights”. At least in theory, because these rights are trampled every day all over the world. For example, many countries in conflict deprive their population of the most basic rights. This can also happen in other countries at peace, when certain population groups face injustice. Or just like migrants.
The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948 in Paris. 10 December is thus the day the UN chose to celebrate the Human Rights Day, established in 1950.
What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is made of 30 articles ratifying rights divided in civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights, ranging from the right to fair trial, right to citizenship, to the right of free movement.
The celebration aims to spread the message of equality contained in the Universal Declaration, celebrating its rights and educating governments and people to respect them. Yet, this objective still seems far away due to international instability and how migrants are treated by many countries. This makes us think that human rights have turned into something abstract, and not the foundations on which to build our society.
All human beings, and more precisely all living creatures, only want to be free and happy, ensuring the lineage of the species.
Denis Mukwege received the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize seventy years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted. While taking care of women who had been raped by Congolese soldiers, he saw atrocities he doesn’t want to hide.
L’obiettivo della giornata è quello di contrastare una piaga che affligge ancora il 35 per cento delle donne nel mondo. Sono però numerosi gli esempi di donne che si oppongono alla violenza e lottano per la libertà.
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