Violence against women in Peru has increased as a result of Covid-19 lockdowns as they have been confined to abusive households.
8 March is International Women’s Day, to continue fighting for gender equality
Despite the abuses of patriarchy, women are rising up to improve their conditions. The origins of International Women’s Day and why we celebrate it.
International Women’s Day was celebrated for the first time in 1909 in the United States, held by the country’s Socialist Party, and was formalised at the international level in 1911. Yet, after over a hundred years, women all around the world still face numerous challenges and fight against a patriarchal and sexist system.
Why we celebrate International Women’s Day
The celebration was recognised by the United Nations in 1977 and aims to condemn all forms of inequality, sexism and violence against women.”Let’s make sure women and girls can shape the policies, services and infrastructure that impact all our lives”, in the words of UN Secretary-General António Guterres.”And let’s support women and girls who are breaking down barriers to create a better world for everyone”.
The 2019 theme, Think equal, build smart, innovate for change, focuses on innovative ways in which we can advance gender equality and women’s empowerment. The fundamental idea is to accelerate the 2030 Agenda’s Sustainable Development Goals, including ensuring access to education for all boys and girls, ending all forms of discrimination against women and girls, as well as all forms of violence in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation, eliminating all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation.
Gender inequality today
However, in many countries attitudes remain retrograde and close-minded and power continues to be abused everyday. For example, the global gender pay gap, the difference between the average salaries of men and women, is 23 per cent, according to the UN, defined by Anuradha Seth, special advisor economic to the international body, as “the greatest theft in history”. Some changes are being made though, thanks to those women trying to change their conditions and mould the surrounding world through their ideas, by challenging the status quo and guiding their communities. An example is Berta Caceres, once leader of the Council of Indigenous and Popular Organizations of Honduras (COPINH) who fought for protecting her community’s rights and lands from deforestation and exploitation. Yet she was killed just a few prior to International Women’s Day in 2016.
Women’s roles are much too underestimated. According to US anthropologist and palaeontologist Nancy Makepeace Tanner, maternal care was the determiner of anthropomorphic apes’ development towards human evolution. Tanner claims that our evolution is ascribable to that fact that mothers used to favour the standing position, in order to hold their cubs with an arm and finding food with the other. The need of feeding offspring led to increased cognitive development, stimulating the capacity of using utensils. Thus, when we look at women, we should remind that – maybe – without them our species wouldn’t existed.
The family of Joys Estefani Qqueccaño, a disappeared woman in Peru, struggle to find her.
Costa Rica celebrated its first same-sex marriage when two women, Alexandra Quiros and Dunia Araya, celebrated their wedding: an “extraordinary moment”.
Bangladesh suffered widespread damage as a result of Cyclone Amphan. Yet the Sundarbans mangrove forest acted as a natural barrier protecting the country from further destruction, as it has done countless times before.
A historic win for the Ashaninka of Brazil as they receive compensation for deforestation on their land
On top of a 2.4 million dollar compensation, the indigenous Ashaninka people will receive an official apology from the companies who deforested their lands in the 1980s.
The pandemic and its restrictions are affecting everyone, without exceptions. However factors like housing, income inequalities, gender, access to technology and working conditions are influencing how people experience the health crisis.
The tapir was reintroduced into Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, the country’s most at-risk ecosystem. The species can play a key role in the forest’s recovery.
Forests are home to 80 per cent of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity. This year’s International Day of Forests highlights the urgent changes needed to save them.
Time magazine’s 100 Women of the Year project sheds light on influential women’s stories, from Amelia Earhart to Greta Thunberg. A selection of some of the greats for International Women’s Day.