Zero Impact® is LifeGate’s project that calculates, reduces and offsets CO2 emissions generated by people, events, products, businesses and organisations. To do so, LifeGate purchases carbon credits deriving from the creation and safeguarding of growing forests, and from the development of energy efficiency and renewable energy production projects.
There are three steps that need to be taken. The first is to calculate greenhouse gas emissions generated by a specific activity, employing a scientific method based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The second is to reduce excess CO2 by using more efficient technologies, more eco-friendly raw materials or redesigning products. The third is to offset residual emissions by purchasing carbon credits deriving from the creation and safeguarding of growing forests.
The project enjoys the collaboration of universities and partners specialised in Life Cycle Assessment in order to measure environmental impact scientifically, as well as of public authorities, parks and natural reserves for reforestation and land protection activities.
The greenhouse effect is essential for life on Earth: without it global average temperature would be similar to that of the Arctic Circle (-18°C instead of 14°C).
Problems arise when CO2 emissions caused by human activities, such as the disproportionate burning of fossil fuels, give rise to an excessive increase in greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere.
High levels of CO2 increase the greenhouse effect and, consequently, average temperatures.
In order to offset excessive amounts of CO2 it is necessary to increase absorption capacities. In nature these are characteristic of trees: through photosynthesis trees absorb CO2 and release oxygen. In fact, the Kyoto Protocol recognizes their value in emission reduction and the fight against climate change. Two types of intervention are recommended: